Cultural artifacts confiscated due to Nazi persecution (“Nazi-looted art”)
Based on the Washington Principles and the declaration by the federal government, the states and leading municipal associations to find and return cultural artifacts confiscated due to Nazi persecution, particularly of Jewish ownership, German institutions are called upon to search their collections for Nazi-looted art. The results of this search are to be submitted to the German Lost Art Foundation in the form of missing item, interim or found item reports. To assist with this research, a Handreichung (guidline) and a checklist for provenance research were prepared.
The information in the Handreichung (guidline) is continuously revised and updated with further sources, and made available to users in the form of the following lists or electronically as a database:
- Datenbank Kunst- und Kulturgutauktionen 1933–1945 (Database Art and Artifacts Auctions)
- Bergungsstelle und Bergungsaufträge (Recovery Office and Recovery Orders)
- Jüdische Sammler und Kunsthändler (Opfer nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung und Enteignung) Jewish collectors and art dealers (victims of Nazi persecution and confiscation)
- Auslagerungs- und Verlagerungsorte geraubten Kulturgutes (Storage and removal sites of looted artifacts)
- Dienststellen und Verantwortliche des systematischen und organisierten NS-Kulturgutraubes (Offices and responsible persons for the systematic and organized Nazi looting of art)
- Beteiligte Privatpersonen und Körperschaften am NS-Kulturgutraub (Handel, Vermittlung, Begutachtung, Transport, usw.) Private persons and companies participating in the Nazi looting of art – (dealing, brokerage, assessment, transport, etc.)
- Kunstschutz (art protection)
- Activity and experience reports on provenance research
- Laws, archives, and sources
The information published here is by no means claimed to be exhaustive, further research may be necessary; entries based on the so-called Red Flag Lists of OSS ALIU Reports do not reflect the most current insights. A listing of persons in the category “Participants”, as may be the case for example for art dealers abroad, does not preclude the fact that they may also have been persecuted in Nazi Germany or their companies “aryanized”.
We are grateful for any further information and critical suggestions.
© Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste - 2021